What Is Google Gemini AI? How to Use the New Chatbot Model?

Google Gemini AI is a new chatbot model recently announced by Google Research. It is a conversational agent that can handle complex, open-ended queries across domains and tasks. This article will explain what Google Gemini AI is, how it works, and how to use it to create engaging and natural conversations with your users.

What is Google Gemini AI?

Google Gemini AI is a chatbot model that uses a novel architecture called Dual-Encoder Transformer with Latent Variable (DETLV). This architecture combines two powerful techniques: dual-encoder and latent variable models.

A dual-encoder model consists of two separate encoders: one for the context (the previous dialogue turns) and one for the response (the current dialogue turn). The encoders produce embeddings (vector representations) of the context and the response, which are then compared by a similarity function to measure how well they match. The response with the highest similarity score is selected as the best one.

A latent variable model introduces a random variable (latent variable) that captures the hidden information or intent behind the dialogue. The latent variable is sampled from a prior distribution and used to condition the response encoder. This way, the model can generate diverse and relevant responses not limited by the context or the response encoder.

By combining these two techniques, Google Gemini AI can achieve several advantages:

– It can handle multi-turn and multi-domain dialogues, as the context encoder can encode long and complex histories across different topics and tasks.
– It can generate coherent and consistent responses, as the response encoder can use the latent variable to capture the underlying intent or goal of the dialogue.
– It can produce diverse and natural responses, as the latent variable can introduce randomness and variation in the generation process.

How does Google Gemini AI work?

Google Gemini AI works by following these steps:

1. The user inputs a query or a message to the chatbot.
2. The chatbot uses a pre-trained DETLV model to encode the query and the context into embeddings.
3. The chatbot samples a latent variable from a prior distribution and uses it to condition the response encoder.
4. The chatbot uses a similarity function to compare the query embedding with all the response embeddings in a large corpus of candidate responses.
5. The chatbot selects the response with the highest similarity score as the best one and outputs it to the user.
6. The chatbot updates the context with the query and the response and repeats the process for the next dialogue turn.

How to use Google Gemini AI?

Google Gemini AI is currently available as a research prototype that you can access through Google Colab. You can use it to interact with different pre-trained models on various domains and tasks, such as weather, news, trivia, jokes, etc. You can also fine-tune your models on your data using TensorFlow or PyTorch.

To use Google Gemini AI, you need to follow these steps:

1. Go to https://deepmind.google/
2. Select a model from the drop-down menu. You can choose from four models: gemini-small, gemini-medium, gemini-large, and gemini-xlarge. The larger models have more parameters and better performance but require more computation time and memory.
3. Enter your query or message in the input box and click on “Generate Response”. You will see the output of the chatbot in the output box.
4. You can continue the conversation by entering more queries or messages in the input box. You can also reset the context by clicking on “Reset Context”.
5. You can explore domains and tasks by changing the model or using different queries or messages.


Google Gemini AI is a new chatbot model that uses a dual-encoder transformer with latent variable architecture to generate diverse and natural responses across different domains and tasks. It is a research prototype that you can try out on Google Colab or fine-tune on your data. It is an exciting development in conversational AI that promises to create more engaging and human-like user interactions.