Owning an electric vehicle is the future of transportation. While the initial price tag for an EV is big, the savings balance out, so you keep more of your hard-earned dollars in your pocket for other expenses.
This mode of transportation is getting more efficient, but mechanical devices still need to be maintained. You may be used to repairing your fossil fuel ride, but your electric vehicle requires regular maintenance to keep it running at its full potential.
So, what maintenance does an electric car need?
Table of Contents
Brake Wear Monitoring
Brakes are designed to slow and stop the vehicle, and in an EV, they wear much slower than in a traditional gas-powered car. This is because they have regenerative processes involving the motor, slowing down the vehicle by recovering kinetic energy and supplying it back to the battery.
These are still mechanical brake pads and rotors, and will need to be checked and replaced when needed. However, they should last twice as long as an ICE vehicle.
The battery in your electric vehicle stores and distributes power. It is also one of the largest components in an EV and takes up most of the space underneath the hood. Your main battery will not need daily maintenance but over time as it ages.
A battery will lose its ability to fully charge and hold less energy in the long term. You may not notice it as it gradually diminishes capacity. However, you will have to charge it more frequently as it covers less distance on a single battery charge. Find commercial EV charging stations near you before the battery depletes.
Most electric vehicles have an eight-year or 100,000-mile warranty and can be extended for a fee. Replacing the battery costs around $5,000, depending on the vehicle’s make and model, but most people trade-in vehicles before the warranty is up.
To extend your battery’s life, there are proven charging methods to follow. These include not allowing them to deplete completely and not fully charging them to 100%. Most manufacturers prevent full capacity charging, but charging around 85-90% daily is good practice.
Also, try not to use fast charging stations all the time. These can degrade your battery faster, so use them when necessary, but stick to level 1 or 2 for most of your daily charging. Rapid charging costs are higher, so save it for long trips or emergencies.
Tires on all types of vehicles experience the same type of wear from road conditions and distances travelled, but EVs tend to wear faster. This is because of the weight of the battery, which adds 20-30% to the car.
Maintaining tire pressure will provide a smoother ride and longer life, so monitor the pressure monthly when charging your vehicle. Wheel alignments are another maintenance procedure that is performed every 6-12 months. This will keep them wearing a full pattern across the tire and prolong their overall life.
Fluid Top Ups
The cooling system levels should be checked regularly to ensure the battery doesn’t overheat, so verify this every six months. Inspect the hoses as well. Washer fluid can be checked and topped up regularly along with brake fluid, but it may only need to be changed every two years.
Electric vehicles are sophisticated machines with many computerized components for operation and monitoring. You will need to travel to the dealership for software updates, allowing you to fix any security issues and ensure your vehicle runs smoothly.
General Maintenance Schedule
Maintaining an electric vehicle (EV) is generally less costly and less frequent than maintaining traditional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. Every month, examine your vehicle’s tire pressure and look for any signs of tire wear. In addition, it’s essential to keep the washer fluid topped up.
For every 12,000 kilometres or 7,500 miles travelled, it is recommended to perform a tire rotation and a thorough brake inspection. During this time, also be sure to check the battery coolant level. Remember to inspect indoor and outdoor lighting and the cabin air filter for optimum performance.
Remember, there are no oil changes, fuel pumps, water pumps, spark plugs, drive belts, transmissions and other components that ICE vehicles have, so you won’t need to service your EV as much.
This is the maintenance your electric car will need. As you get used to the operation of your EV, it will create a more pleasant ownership experience that gives you peace of mind. With every car ride, you are part of the green wave and contribute to the planet’s health.
I’m a writer, artist, and designer working in the gaming and tech industries. I have held staff and freelance positions at large publications including Digital Trends, Lifehacker, Popular Science Magazine, Electronic Gaming Monthly, IGN, The Xplore Tech, and others, primarily covering gaming criticism, A/V and mobile tech reviews, and data security advocacy.